This month we’ve been talking about Form I-693, the immigration medical exam, and required vaccinations for immigration to the United States. One of the subjects that we have discussed is the small number of health conditions that could jeopardize an immigrant’s entrance to the United States – these are known as communicable diseases of public health significance. But what exactly are these diseases? Here’s a comprehensive list:
- Tuberculosis (TB), a serious micro bacterial infection of the lungs that is spread through coughing and sneezing. Up to 30% of the world’s population is thought to have TB, which is characterized by coughing and consumption.
- Syphilis, a sexually transmitted bacterial disease that can cause rashes, neurological problems, and heart problems.
- Chancroid, sexually transmitted bacteria that causes painful sores.
- Gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease characterized by a painful discharge in affected areas.
- Granuloma Inguinale, a sexually transmitted bacterial disease that is rampant in some less developed countries.
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum, a sexually transmitted disease that involves an infection of the lymph nodes.
- Hansen's Disease (Leprosy), a chronic bacterial disease that is characterized by skin lesions and nerve problems that can affect the appendages and eyes.
- Quarantinable diseases designated by a Presidential Executive Order. A few current examples include cholera, diphtheria, plague, smallpox, yellow fever, and SARS.
- Public health emergencies of international concern (PHEIC). A few current examples include currently polio, smallpox, and SARS.
During your immigration medical exam, you will likely be tested for tuberculosis and syphilis. It is important to note that HIV/AIDS was taken off of the list of communicable diseases of public health significance in 2010 after being listed for 22 years.